Kerala is home to an exotic range of flora and fauna and that too in their natural habitat. The diverse wildlife of the state is distributed across numerous wildlife centers of the state that are situated in different parts of Kerala. Some of the notable names among them are :
Situated 50 km from the districts of Idukki, the Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary is home to numerous flora and fauna species. Some of the species found here are elephants, leopards, sambars and gaurs. The sanctuary also plays a vital role in preserving endangered species namely the Grizzled Giant Squirrel as well as Star Tortoise.
Eravikulam National Park is snuggled along the Western Ghats in the district of Idukki. The national park is highly known for preserving the Nilgiri Tahr or Nilgiri Ibex. The national park is also home to some of the other species namely elephants, sambars, leopards, tigers, barking deers, malabar civets, nilgais etc. The lush green enticing environs comprising grasslands, forests and shrub lands bewitches travelers with the very first look.
Situated in the Kottayam district of Kerala, Kumarakom Bird Sanctuary is migratory ground for various birds that fly down from the cold regions of the Himalayas as well as Siberia. The Bird Sanctuary stands on the banks of the Vembanad Lake and is spread across an area of 14 acres. Some of the birds one can catch a glimpse of are waterfowl, egret, cuckoo, owl, darter, Brahminy kite and Siberian crane.
Placed in the districts of Idukki & Pathanamthitta, Periyar National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary is a famous elephant & tiger reserve in Kerala. The national park lies in the middle of the Cardamom Hills. The park houses a dense variety of flora comprising grass, forests, stands of eucalyptus, orchids, grasslands as well as river ecosystems. In addition to this, the national park is also home to species of mammals, birds, reptiles, fish and various insects.
The Silent Valley National Park is situated in the hills of Nilgiri, in the district of Palakkad. Also known as Sairandhrivanam, the national park came into light in the year 1847. The Silent Valley National Park is home to various species of butterflies and moths. Some of the famous birds & animal species found here is Ceylon Frogmouth, elephants, Malabar squirrel, Great Indian Hornbill, langurs, lion-tailed macaques, leopards, etc.